A very unpleasant disease in horses is the so-called Inflammatory Bowel Disease of the horse, as it can often only be diagnosed indirectly. The veterinarian uses the so-called oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) to determine the reduced uptake of food components from the intestine. A reliable diagnosis of the disease can only be achieved by a biopsy covering all layers of the intestine and a subsequent examination of the sample in the laboratory.
Chronic diarrhoea can be a symptom of IBD in horses. Many animals show lethargic behaviour and repetitive colic symptoms. In particular, weight loss and changes in the OGTT test indicate the suspicion of IBD. Because of the danger of a biopsy of the intestine, many veterinarians will shy away from this procedure and content themselves with a rectal examination of the (swollen) rectum and a determination of the layer thickness using an ultrasound device as a further symptom.
By laboratory tests the multitude of possible pathogens which can cause diarrhoea should be excluded. These pathogens include salmonellosis and clostridia. The question of a chronic worm infestation should also be clarified.
There are different treatment approaches for suspected IBD. Initially, the aim is to alleviate the consequences of diarrhoea by infusion treatment. In addition, the aim is to direct intestinal peristalsis into physiological pathways. In addition, chronic inflammation is suppressed by the administration of drugs containing cortisone.
An immunological therapy of Inflammatory Bowel Disease with dendritic cells opens up a more innovative treatment option. The PetBioCell team will be happy to advise you.